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Kolkata [kolkata]also known as Calcuttathe official name until is the capital unish kuri magazine pdf 2015 srilanka the Indian state of West Bengal. The city is widely regarded as the "cultural capital" of India, and is also nicknamed the "City of Joy". In the late 17th century, the three villages that predated Calcutta were ruled by the Nawab of Bengal under Mughal suzerainty.
After the Nawab granted the East India Company a trading licence in the area was developed by the Company into an increasingly fortified trading post. In the East India company was strong enough to abolish Nizamat local ruleand assumed full sovereignty of the region. Under the company rule, and later under the British RajCalcutta served as the capital of British-held territories in India untilwhen its perceived geographical disadvantages, combined with growing nationalism in Bengalled to a shift of the capital to New Delhi.
Calcutta was the centre for the Indian independence movement ; it remains a hotbed of contemporary state politics. Following Indian independence inKolkata, which was once the centre of modern Indian education, science, culture, and politics, suffered several decades of economic stagnation.
As a nucleus of the 19th- and early 20th-century Bengal Renaissance and a religiously and ethnically diverse centre of culture in Bengal and India, Kolkata has local traditions in drama, art, film, theatre, and literature.
Many people from Kolkata --among them several Nobel laureates--have contributed to the arts, the sciences, and other areas. Kolkata culture features idiosyncrasies that include distinctively close-knit neighbourhoods paras and freestyle intellectual exchanges adda. West Bengal's share of the Bengali film industry is based in the city, which also hosts venerable cultural institutions of national importance, such as the Academy of Fine Artsthe Victoria Memorialthe Asiatic Societythe Indian Museum and the National Library of India.
Though home to major cricketing venues and franchises, Kolkata madhyamik routine 2016 pdf from other Indian cities by giving importance to association football and other sports. Although the city's name has always been pronounced Kolkata ['kolkat? Job Charnockan administrator who worked for the company, was formerly credited as the founder of the city;  In response to a public petition,  the Calcutta High Court ruled in that the city does not have a founder.
KalikataGobindapurand Sutanuti. Kalikata was a fishing village; Sutanuti was a riverside weavers' village. They were part of an estate belonging to the Mughal emperor ; the jagirdari a land grant bestowed by a king on his noblemen taxation rights to the villages were held by the Sabarna Roy Choudhury family of landowners, or zamindars. These rights were transferred to the East India Company in Inthe British completed the construction of Fort Williamlocated on the east bank of the Hooghly River to protect their trading factory.
The Nawab of Bengal, Siraj ud-Daulah, condemned the militarisation and tax evasion by the company. His warning went unheeded, and the Nawab attacked; he captured Fort William which led to the killings of several East India company officials in the Black Hole of Calcutta. In the early 19th century, the marshes surrounding the city were drained; the government area was laid out along the banks of the Hooghly River. Richard WellesleyGovernor-General of the Presidency of Fort William between andwas largely responsible for the development of the city and its public architecture.
By the s, Calcutta had two areas: The coalescence of British and Indian culture resulted in the emergence of a new babu class of urbane Indians, whose members were often bureaucrats, professionals, newspaper readers, and Anglophiles; they usually belonged to upper-caste Hindu communities.
InCalcutta was host to the first national conference of the Indian National Associationthe first avowed nationalist organisation in India. The partition of Bengal in along religious lines led to mass protests, making Calcutta a less hospitable place for the British. The city and its port were bombed several times by the Unish kuri magazine pdf 2015 srilanka between andduring World War II. Unish kuri magazine pdf 2015 srilanka the s and s, severe power shortages, strikes, and a violent Marxist-Maoist movement by groups known as the Naxalites damaged much of the city's infrastructure, resulting in economic stagnation.
Inprime minister Rajiv Gandhi dubbed Kolkata a "dying city" in light of its socio-political woes. It was the world's longest-serving democratically elected communist government, during which Kolkata was a key base for Indian communism. The city's economic recovery gathered momentum after the s, when India began to institute pro-market reforms. Sincethe information technology IT services sector has revitalised Kolkata's stagnant economy. The city is also experiencing marked growth in its manufacturing base.
Kolkata is located over the "Bengal basin", a pericratonic tertiary basin. These sediments are sandwiched between two clay beds: The Kolkata metropolitan area is spread over 1, East Kolkata is also a section. North Kolkata is the oldest part of the city. Characterised unish kuri magazine pdf 2015 srilanka 19th-century architecture, dilapidated buildings, overpopulated slums, crowded bazaarsand narrow alleyways, it includes areas such as ShyambazarHatibaganManiktalaKankurgachiRajabazarShobhabazarShyampukurSonagachiKumortuliBagbazarJorasankoChitpur unish kuri magazine pdf 2015 srilanka, PathuriaghataCossiporeKestopurSintheeBelgachiaJorabagan and Dum Dum.
Central Kolkata hosts the central business district. It contains B. Baghformerly known as Dalhousie Square, and the Esplanade on its east; Unish kuri magazine pdf 2015 srilanka Road is on its west. Bose Road. The southern suburban neighbourhoods like Mahamayatala, Pratapgarh, KamalgaziNarendrapurRajpur SonarpurHarinaviSubhashgramMallikpur and Baruipur are also within the city of Kolkata as metropolitan, urban agglomeration area.
Fort William, on the western part of the city, houses the headquarters of the Eastern Command of the Indian Army ;  its premises are under the jurisdiction of the army.
Two planned townships in the greater Kolkata region are Bidhannagaralso known as Salt Lake City and located north-east of the city; and Rajarhatalso called New Town and sited east of Bidhannagar. According to a United Nations Development Programme report, its wind and cyclone zone is "very high damage risk". The annual mean temperature is The highest recorded temperature is Often, in April-June, the city is struck by heavy rains or dusty squalls that are followed by thunderstorms or hailstorms, bringing cooling relief from the prevailing humidity.
The highest monthly rainfall unish kuri magazine pdf 2015 srilanka occurs in July and August. In these months often incessant rain for days brings life to a stall for the city dwellers. Pollution is a major concern in Kolkata. As of [update]sulphur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide annual concentration were within the national ambient air quality standards of India, but respirable suspended particulate matter levels were high, and on an increasing trend for five consecutive years, causing smog and haze.
Once India's leading city, Kolkata experienced a steady economic decline in the decades following India's independence due to steep population increases and a rise in militant trade-unionismwhich included frequent strikes that were backed by left-wing parties. Kolkata hosts the headquarters of three major public-sector banks: The demonym for residents of Kolkata are Calcuttan and Pdf printer win7 activator. Bengali Hindus form the majority of Kolkata's population; MarwarisBiharis and Muslims semar petruk gareng mp3 s large minorities.
Bengalithe official state language, is the dominant language in Kolkata. Hindi and Urdu are spoken by a sizeable minority. As of [update]about one-third of the population, or 1. Kolkata is administered by several government agencies. Each borough has a committee of councillors, each of whom is elected to represent a ward. By means of the borough committees, the corporation undertakes urban planning and maintains roads, government-aided schools, hospitals, and municipal markets.
It scored 4. The Kolkata Port Trust, an agency of the central government, manages the city's river port. Kolkata's administrative agencies have areas of jurisdiction that do not coincide. Listed in ascending order by area, they are: Kolkata district ; the Kolkata Police area and the Kolkata Municipal Corporation area, or "Kolkata city";  and the Kolkata metropolitan areawhich is the city's urban agglomeration.
The agency overseeing the latter, the Kolkata Metropolitan Unish kuri magazine pdf 2015 srilanka Authorityis responsible for the statutory planning and development of greater Kolkata. As the seat of the Government of West BengalKolkata is home to not only the offices of the local governing agencies, but also the West Bengal Legislative Assembly ; the state secretariat, which is housed in the Writers' Building ; and the Calcutta High Court.
Most government establishments and institutions are housed in the centre of the city in B. Bagh formerly known as Dalhousie Square.
Kolkata has lower courts: The Eastern Command of the Indian Army is based in the city. The U. Public transport is provided by the Kolkata Suburban Railwaythe Kolkata Metrotramsrickshawsand buses. The suburban rail network reaches the city's distant suburbs. According to a survey conducted by the International Association of Public Transportin terms of a public transport system, Kolkata ranks among the top of the six Indian cities surveyed.
Buseswhich are the most commonly used mode of transport, are run by government agencies and private operators. Water-logging, unish kuri magazine pdf 2015 srilanka by heavy rains that fall during the summer monsooncan interrupt transportation networks.
Almost all of Kolkata's taxis are antiquated Hindustan Ambassadors by make; newer air-conditioned radio taxis are in service as well. Due to its diverse and abundant public transportation, privately owned vehicles are not as common in Kolkata as in other major Indian cities. The city's main unish kuri magazine pdf 2015 srilanka terminals are located at Esplanade and Babughat.
Inthe airport was upgraded to handle increased air traffic. The Port of Kolkataestablished inis Josepha seletz md oldest and the only major river unish kuri magazine pdf 2015 srilanka. The route from North Bengal to Kolkata is set to become cheaper and more efficient for people travelling by bus.
According to the Indian National Family Health Survey, only a small proportion of Kolkata households were covered under any health scheme or health insurance. As ofbecause of higher air pollutionthe life expectancy of a person born in the city is four years fewer than in the suburbs. Kolkata's schools are run by the state government or private organisations, many of which are religious.
Bengali and English are the primary languages of instruction; Urdu and Hindi are also used, particularly in central Kolkata. Vocational programs are also available. James' School KolkataSt. Xavier's Collegiate Schooland Loreto Househave been ranked amongst the best schools in the country.
Aliah University which was founded in as Mohammedan College of Calcutta is the oldest post-secondary educational institution of the city. It was affiliated with the University of Calcutta until when it was converted to Presidency University, Kolkata in Jadavpur University is known for its arts, science, and engineering faculties.
Chithrabhumi is a film magazine in Malayalam published from KozhikodeKerala. Chithrabhumi is a film magazine in Malayalam published from Kozhikode, Kerala. Psychology Press. Retrieved 28 October Bichitrananda Panda; Narendra Tripathi International Journal of Applied Research. Retrieved 27 September Career She started her career as a model and then went on to host the music countdown show Pepsi Top Ten on Asianet.
She acted in many successful television serials such as Oomakkuyil, Sthree oru Santhwanam, Venalmazha, Nizhalukal and Kolangal in Tamil. She has also acted in a few movies, including Meghamalhar, Valliettan and Randam Bhavam. She received the best supporting actress award for her role in Meghamalhar.
Later she hosted the successful television shows like Kadha Ithu VareIdavelayil ,Kuttikalodano Kali and Made for each other season 2 on the channel Mazhavil Manorama. She has appeared in many advertisements too. She is a talented dancer also. She has now become a fashion designer. She runs a boutique by the name "Pranaah" in Kochi. She writes a regul Gautham Krishn is an Indian film actor who has appeared in lead roles of Malayalam as well as Tamil language films.
He was introduced by director Vinayan with his surprise hit Yakshiyum Njanum. The film won him good reviews as an actor, moreover the film's Malayalam version was released as Sand City earning critical recognition. This is a list of magazines published in India, sorted on basis of language. Nallathoru Kudumbam English: Wonderful family is a Tamil Indian unish kuri magazine pdf 2015 srilanka film, directed by K. It stars Sivaji Ganesan and Vanisri in the lead roles.
It was also remade in Hindi as Judaai. Their marital life gets affected as Sivaji continues his close relationship with Vijaya Lalitha, his girlfriend. Ramasamy Nagesh Special Appearance K. Vasu G.
Muthulakshmi Crew Associate Unish kuri magazine pdf 2015 srilanka - R. Song Singers Lyrics 1 "Sindhunadhi Karaiyor Kerala is a state on the facebook for windows xp 2006, Malabar Coast of India. It was formed on 1 Novemberfollowing passage of the States Reorganisation Act, by combining Malayalam-speaking regions. It is bordered by Karnataka to the north and northeast, Tamil Nadu to the east and south, and the Lakshadweep Sea and Arabian Sea to the west.
With 33, inhabitants as per the Census, Kerala is the thirteenth-largest Indian state by population. It is divided into 14 districts with unish kuri magazine pdf 2015 srilanka capital being Thiruvananthapuram. Malayalam is the most widely spoken language and is also the official language of the state. The region's prominence in tra Vishnu Vijayam is a Indian Malayalam film, directed by N. Sankaran Nair and produced by A. Devasya in the lead roles. The film has musical score by G. Williams made his debut as an independent cameraman with this film.
This she gets to know in the end. Devarajan and the lyrics were written by Vayalar Ramavarma. Song Singers Lyrics Length m: Madhuri Vayalar Ramavarma 3 "Pushpadalangalal" K. Yesudas Vayalar Ramavarma Refe Renji Panicker is an Indian journalist, scriptwriter, producer, actor and director best known for his Malayalam films.
He made his debut as a director with Bharatchandran IPS in He earned a master's degree in Journalism from Kerala University, Karyavattom. He started off as a reporter for magazines and as jy sing music. During an interview, while working for Chithrabhumi, a film magazine, he met director Shaji Kailas, who led him into the world of cinema and within a short time became one of the most wanted scriptwriters of Malayalam unish kuri magazine pdf 2015 srilanka.
Renji scripted several commercially successful films for Shaji Kailas, including Dr. PasupathyThalastaanamSth Williams  was a producer, director and cinematographer of Malayalam language films. The following is a list of periodicals and online magazines published in the Malayalam language.
Juby Ninan is an Indian film actor of Malayalam language films. Sarapancharam English: Abraham and Oduvil Unnikrishnan in major roles. It was released in the golden era of Jayan, a popular superstar of Malayalam cinema. It was also one of the first notable films of Oduvil Unnikrishnan.
Lawrence's novel Lady Chatterley's Lover, though there are significant differences in plot and characterization. Abraham has been paralyzed and rendered impotent. Her sexual frustration leads her into an affair with the servant, Chandrasekharan Jayan.
She eventually gets married to him but later discovers that he has had relationship with many ladies and he aimed only at her wealth.
She and her on Printed Malayalam magnified by spectacles. Media in Kerala, India are widely accessible and cater to a wide variety of audiences. Print media Dozens of newspapers are published in Kerala. The channel was officially launched on 5 May Prime Minister Manmohan Singh had already unveiled the logo of the channel a year earlier during the centenary celebrations of Kerala Kaumudi.
The programme menu comprises news, talks, interviews and entertainment. The film, based on a Bengali short story by Sunil Gangopadhyay, was produced under the banner of Picture Perfect unish kuri magazine pdf 2015 srilanka has a script by Shyamaprasad himself, cinematography by Alagappan, editing by Vinod Sukumaran and music by Ouseppachan.
The film, a romantic comedy, is about the shades of love that vary in a relationship woven around three individuals. Plot The film tells the story of Shanthanu Dileepa researcher in linguistics, and his two friends, Kalpana Samvritha and Anuradha Mamtha. Anuradha is the sensitive type who has gone through certain bitter experiences in her teenage years, when her cousin approached unish kuri magazine pdf 2015 srilanka with love, which she later realised was just his lust for her.
Kalpana is slightly capricious and loves being in love. Anuradha wants to play Cupid and bring Shanthanu and Kalpana together; she knows that they care a lot for each other, but for some reaso Madhu Kaithapram Malayalam: He died on 29 December He was under treatment for diabetes.
Jayan worked in malayalam cinema, a sector of the Indian movie industry based in Kerala and was a highly popular stunt actor of his time. Soon the quotes attained mainstream popularity and have become an integral part of popular culture in Kerala. Harishchandra Malayalam: Subramaniam and directed by Anthony Mithradas. The film was based on the legend of King Harishchandra, recounted in the Ramayana and the Mahabharata.
Pillai, Jose Prakash and T. Muthiah in major roles, it features cinematography by N. Mani and music by Brother Lakshmanan. Harishchandra was heavily inspired by Raja HarishchandraHindiwhich was the first film adaptation of the legend. The film also borrows inspiration from Satya HarishchandraKannada as well as HarishchandraTamil.
Several scenes from these movies were directly reused in Harishchandra. It was the first Malayalam film to be shot outdoors. Previous films were filmed from studios or indoor units. However, a few parts of the film was shot from Merryland Studios. The film was marketed well before its fishdom spooky splash and the songs were aired continuously in radio channels.
Vishwaguru is a Malayalam-language Indian biographical film directed by Vijeesh Mani and co-produced with A. Palpu K. His works are notable for integrating eastern classical music with electronic music sounds, world music genres and traditional orchestral arrangements.